FIVE RULES TO COMMA GLORY
||YOU MUST HAVE A
REASON FOR EACH COMMA YOU USE.
IE - Introductory
element is a word, phrase, or clause before the main part of the sentence.
It usually tells us something about the main clause.
CE - Contrasting Elements
- If we cannot control our tempers, we may have to bite those
- On the other hand, they may bite us first.
Use commas to set
up a strong contrast. Some key words: but, yet, not, never
Wilma, not Betty, has a necklace made of rocks.
21C - Two Independent
sentences") When two independent clauses are joined with a coordinating (and
not any other kind of) conjunction, place a comma before the conjunction.
The Misfit takes the son's shirt, and he shoots the grandmother.
CA - Compound (or Coordinate)
Use commas to separate
The closet was full of old, worn clothes.
Do not, however, use a comma
when the order of the adjectives matters (i.e., when you can't simply reverse
them without seriously changing the meaning):
We were suspicious of the fried green
all, fried green tomatoes may taste good, but green fried tomatoes might
make you sick).
are the ones known, often misleadingly, as "the part you could just take
out": parenthetical comments, direct address, appositives, transitional words
and phrases, etc.
The pressure of being a clown was enough, it seems, to make
even a brave man weep.
They can also appear at the
end of a sentence:
He wanted to run into the airplane propeller,
an act that would have dramatically shortened his life expectancy.
The clowns were scary, especially the sarcastic ones.
© 2003 - 2008 Joseph Sigalas